Pneumatic manipulator components and their operating principles

Our common manipulator is a mechanical equipment that is commonly used in industrial production for horizontal/vertical displacement. Its action is driven by an air cylinder, which is controlled by a corresponding solenoid valve. The following describes the components and movement of the pneumatic manipulator.
The pneumatic manipulator is mainly composed of three parts: the frame, the mechanical arm and the air claw that play a fixed support role. The movement that drives the first shoulder joint is composed of 2 pneumatic muscles, the frame arm is composed of 4 pneumatic muscles, the upper arm is equipped with 4 pneumatic muscles, and the forearm is equipped with 4 pneumatic muscles.

Classification of manipulators:

1. According to the driving mode, it can be divided into hydraulic, pneumatic, electric and mechanical manipulators;

2. According to the scope of application, it can be divided into two types: special manipulator and general manipulator;

3. According to the motion trajectory control mode, it can be divided into point position control and continuous trajectory control manipulator.

Pneumatic manipulators can realize 4 degrees of freedom movement, and the driving of their respective degrees of freedom is all realized by pneumatic muscles. The air claws at the front end grab the objects and realize the rotation of their respective joints through the drive of pneumatic muscles, so that the objects can move in space. According to reasonable control, the motion requirements of the manipulator are finally realized.